Markets Rise Modestly in the Third Quarter of 2019 as the Fed Cuts Rates and China Saga Continues
U.S. stock market indices increased modestly in the third quarter, propelling the S&P 500 and the DJIA to their best three-quarter starts to the year since 1997 – all while further extending what is the longest of all bull markets on record.
The broader S&P 500 enters the final three months of the year with a gain of 20.55% – its best performance in over two decades – as the third quarter’s return of 1.70% padded its yearly return. The S&P 500 is just a hair shy of its all-time high reached on July 26th. However, if you look at the performance over the past year, it has moved just 4.25%, mostly as a result of the selloff in stocks toward the end of 2018.
But stocks were not the only good performer as there was a brief flight to quality causing a rally in bonds and some of the defensive sectors during the third quarter too.
|10-Yr Treasury Yield||1.67%||-1.69%|
*Source: Bonds represented by the Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Bond TR USD. This chart is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent the performance of any specific security. Past performance cannot guarantee future results
Interestingly, the same news events that dominated the second quarter continued to dominate the third quarter, but there were some twists. Once again, there were two main themes that kept influencing the markets: hopes of a trade truce between the U.S. and China and a decided shift by the Federal Reserve with respect to short-term rates.
During the third quarter, investors saw:
- July 31st: the Federal Reserve cut rates for the first time since 2008
- August 5th: the DJIA suffered its worst trading day of the year
- August 14th: the 30-year Treasury yield hit a record low
- September 16th: Brent crude oil had its biggest one-day gain
- September 18th: the Federal Reserve cut rates for the second time this year
- September 30th: both the S&P 500 and DJIA posted their best three-quarter starts to the year since 1997
The Fed Signaled No 2019 Rate Moves, Then Cut Rates
Two days before the second quarter ended, the Fed held the line on interest rates and formally suggested that no cuts were coming in 2019. Then, in July, the Fed cut rates for the first time since 2008 and then cut rates again in September.
Yet, despite the Fed’s stance, the rate cuts did not exactly catch Wall Street by surprise, as the fed funds futures market pointed to a 100% chance of an easing of monetary policy for most of the month preceding the first rate-cut.
Asset Class & Style Performance
The third quarter saw a flight to quality and the value and defensive styles outperform. REITs occupy the top spot for the third quarter and YTD, but during the third quarter, investors saw value outperform growth and large caps outperform small caps.
|Developed Market Equities||1.7%||19.0%|
|Global Aggregate Bonds||0.7%||6.3%|
|Emerging Market Equities||– 1.9%||8.1%|
Source: Barclays, Bloomberg, FactSet, FTSE, MSCI, J.P. Morgan Asset Management. DM Equities: MSCI World; REITs: FTSE NAREIT All REITs; Global Agg: Barclays Global Aggregate; Small cap: MSCI World Small Cap. All indices are total return in local currency. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of current and future results.
The U.S. and China
The investing world continued to feel the tensions between the U.S. and China throughout the quarter, as it has since the summer of 2018. Traders were bombarded with news about the U.S. and China trade dispute, and the news was as clear as mud. For example:
- Investors cheered Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin’s announcement that trade talks with China were set to resume in early October and when China announced new waivers for imports of U.S. soybeans.
- Within 24 hours, however, President Trump told the United Nations of China’s “theft of intellectual property and also trade secrets on a grand scale” while pledging that he would “not accept a bad deal.”
- Then within 24 hours after that, President Trump told reporters that a truce with China might happen “sooner than you think.”
Then 48 hours later, traders grimaced when news trickled out that the White House was considering restricting U.S. investment in China and forcing U.S. exchanges to delist shares of Chinese companies. Not surprisingly, shares in many Chinese companies dropped sharply
For the third quarter, 8 of the 11 S&P 500 sectors were painted green, as again the more defensive sectors – namely Real Estate and Utilities – outperformed. More impressive, however, is the fact that year-to-date, 7 of 11 sectors outperformed the S&P 500’s YTD return of 20.55%.
Here are the sector returns for shorter time periods through the end of September 30, 2019:
|S&P 500 Index||1.70%||20.55%|
This chart is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent the performance of any specific security. Past performance cannot guarantee future results. Source: Standard and Poor’s
House Democrats Move to Impeachment Inquiries
House Democrats moved toward a formal impeachment inquiry of President Trump and most pundits expect that the investigations into President Trump are likely to continue through the 2020 elections. What’s still uncertain is the impact that these investigations will have on the stock market.
After rallying since Trump’s election victory in November 2016, the S&P 500 Index has done pretty well, but it has stumbled at times too:
- Ending 2016 up 11.96%
- Zooming up 21.83% in 2017
- Dropping 4.38% in 2018
- Up more than 20% so far year-to-date at the end of the third-quarter in 2019.
Although stocks have rewarded investors with healthy returns, investors seem more nervous that Trump will be impeached because not only will his pro-business agenda be stalled, but the chaos could send the markets into a tailspin. At least that’s the worry.
And although no one has a crystal ball to tell us how the Trump investigations will end, investors would be smart to tune them out. Here are a few reasons why.
Data Matters More than Tweets
Economics and data matter way more than politics to the stock market. Trump’s tweets and speeches get all the media attention, and while the market might seem to react a little bit at times, the reality is that boring economic numbers drive the markets one way or the other.
And consider these numbers:
- Unemployment is at 3.7%, one-tenth of a percent from the lowest level in over 50 years.
- We have seen 107 consecutive months of job growth, the longest streak ever.
- Wages have risen 3.2% this year, the strongest year in over a decade.
- Inflation has run below the Fed’s intended longer-term 2% target for most of this 10-year expansion and core inflation has averaged 2.1% so far this year.
- Consumer spending came in much higher than expected with a 4.7% annualized growth number, the highest gain in 4 years.
So What Does It All Mean?
We can keep up with all the political news, track all the economic data, and follow the President on Twitter. Ultimately, no one can guess or guarantee which directions the markets will go. At Patriot, we are optimistic moving forward. At any point the markets can go up and they can go down. The more important thing to focus on is ensuring you have a well-diversified, appropriately allocated portfolio and a financial plan in place to weather any environment. So, if you would like to revisit one or both or discuss our thoughts on the markets, please contact us.